What Types of Insurance Are Available?

Insurance is a contract whereby one party assumes the risk of a specified loss in exchange for a periodic premium. It relies on the law of large numbers, in which predicted losses are similar to actual ones.

There are many types of insurance. You may be required to have some by law (like car insurance), while others are sensible investments (like renters’renter’s or life insurance). It’s important to find the right policy for your needs. Click https://www.nicholsoninsurance.com to learn more.


Life insurance is a contract between an insurer and the policy holder that promises to pay a designated beneficiary a lump sum of money upon the policy holder’s death. Some policies also provide coverage for other events, such as critical or terminal illness, or allow you to access your death benefit while still living (accelerated death benefit rider).

There are many different types of life insurance, allowing you to select the policy that best suits your needs. Some policies, such as level term life insurance, offer a guaranteed policy face amount and premium for the length of the contract. Other policies, such as no-exam life insurance or guaranteed issue life insurance, don’t require a medical exam and can be approved in a day or two.

Auto insurance is a contract between you and an insurer where the insurer agrees to pay for your losses from accidents or other covered causes of loss in exchange for a premium. There are many different coverage options and limitations for automobile policies, so talk to your agent to find out what’s right for you. Liability, collision, comprehensive, medical payments and uninsured motorist are some of the main coverages offered by auto insurers.

In exchange for a premium, an insurer agrees to pay for your losses resulting from accidents or other covered causes of loss when you have auto insurance. Speak with your agent to determine what’s best for you as there are a variety of coverage options and limitations for auto insurance. Among the primary coverages provided by auto insurers are uninsured motorist, comprehensive, collision, liability, and medical payments.

Policy – A written agreement between an insurer and a customer that provides details of the coverage provided, the terms and conditions, and the responsibilities of both parties. A policy usually has a six- or 12-month timeframe and is renewable.

Deductible – The amount you have to pay before the insurance company starts to pay on a claim. You can usually lower your premium by increasing your deductible.

Declarations Page – The first page of your insurance policy that lists the full legal name of the insured, the policy number, effective and expiration dates, premium, amount and types of coverage, deductibles and vehicle identification numbers.

Adjuster – The person who evaluates the damage to your property and determines the amount payable under the policy terms. Some insurance companies also have agents who specialize in investigating and adjusting claims, often conducting accident scene investigations and inspections and working face to face with customers to discuss their loss.

An endorsement that changes the terms and conditions of your policy by adding or subtracting coverage, altering the limits of liability, or changing the deductible. This is a form of modification to your policy and is subject to approval by the insurance company.

A feature that allows you to use a telematics device to record how, when and where your car is driven, which may help reduce your premium by demonstrating that you are a safe driver. The device plugs into your vehicle’s On-Board Diagnostic (OBD-II) port and transmits data such as speed, time of day, and how much the car is driven. Some auto insurers, such as Progressive, offer this option for an additional cost. Other companies require drivers to opt-in for this service.

Homeowners insurance, or property insurance, covers the cost of repairing your house and other structures on your property as well as covering your personal belongings from damage or loss. It also provides liability coverage for accidents that may occur on your property or as a result of your negligence anywhere in the world. The cost of homeowners insurance varies widely based on the type of dwelling, location, coverage options and other factors.

Most home policies are “package” policies that include coverage for both the structure of your home and your personal possessions. Your policy may also provide coverage for your additional living expenses if your home becomes uninhabitable after a covered event. Generally, you can choose between three levels of home insurance: actual cash value (which pays to replace your belongings less any depreciation) replacement cost or comprehensive, which offers full replacement without any depreciation.

Your state and ZIP code are a major factor in determining your rate, as are the construction materials used in your home. The better the construction materials, the lower your premium. The size and age of your home, and whether it has a swimming pool or other outdoor features, may also affect your rate. Taking an inventory of your belongings can help you determine how much personal property coverage you might need. Expensive items like silverware, computers, guns and jewelry require special coverage beyond the basic limits of your home policy. You may be able to get additional coverage for these items by purchasing an endorsement.

Other considerations in determining your rate include your credit history, any previous losses you’ve had with your home or other property, and the amount of deductible you choose. In addition, some states have laws that prohibit insurers from considering race, religious creed, national origin or sex when deciding to provide, renew or cancel your home insurance.

Many home insurance companies offer discounts for bundling your home and auto policies together, for being a loyal customer, or for having certain safety devices in your home, such as a burglar alarm or fire suppression system. It’s important to compare quotes from several different companies before selecting a policy. The best way to do this is to visit your state’s Department of Insurance website and find out how each company is rated by consumers and the state.

Regardless of the industry, every business faces risks that could damage financial assets, physical property and intellectual ideas. These risks range from a lawsuit to a natural disaster, and they can be costly. Business insurance is designed to protect companies from the risk of these events and other potential liabilities, such as the cost of medical expenses and lost income.

Different kinds of business insurance cover different things. For example, a standard commercial policy typically includes property insurance that pays for the loss of or damage to a company’s buildings and their contents, as well as coverage for crime and business interruption insurance. It might also include liability insurance, which protects a company if a third party alleges that the business’s negligence caused injury or damage to their property. Most businesses need this kind of protection.

The exact types of business insurance a company needs depend on the specifics of the industry, and it may be a legal requirement to carry certain kinds of coverage. For instance, many states require companies to carry workers’ compensation insurance for their employees. And, some lenders require companies to have commercial auto insurance before they will loan them money.

Some companies offer all of the necessary business insurance policies under one roof, including property and liability coverage. These are sometimes called a business owners policy (BOP). Others specialize in certain sectors, such as small-business BOPs for hardware stores and barber shops, or insurance for contractors, accountants and low-density apartment buildings.

A good broker-agent can help a business owner assess its risks and identify the right policy. Then, the broker can compare the prices and features of multiple policies to find the best deal. Finally, the agent can explain the policy’s terms and conditions and assist with completing any required forms.

There are many business insurance providers, but it’s important to find one that has experience with the kinds of risks that your business faces. Also, look for a company that offers a wide selection of coverage options and can customize a policy to meet your needs.